Reducing physician burnout: Clinic support for patients’ social issues can help

Issue: BCMJ, vol. 61 , No. 9 , November 2019 , Pages 352-353 GPSC

The Canadian Medical Association Statement on Physician Health and Wellness identifies physician health as a quality indicator in the overall functioning of health systems[1]—in effect, positioning physician health as an additional component of the triple aim[2] (the GPSC’s version of which identifies the priority of “improving the patient and provider experience of care,” along with improving the health of populations and reducing the per capita cost of health care). Preventing burnout is recognized as a significant component in ensuring physicians feel healthy and able to continue providing access and support for their patients.

A recent pamphlet published by the Physician Health Program[3] notes that physician burnout is more prevalent and more intense among BC physicians than it has been in the past, and it details strategies and resources that can help.[3] In addition, a new study shows that physicians may find additional support through working in a patient medical home or as part of a primary care network. The study, published in January 2019 in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, found lower rates of burnout reported by primary care physicians who felt that their clinic had a high capacity to assist patients in meeting their social needs.[4] The study also found that physicians working in clinics with “patient-centered medical home” status (US terminology for patient medical home) reported higher capacity to support patients with social determinants of health.[4]

Many initiatives are currently underway in BC through the implementation of patient medical homes and primary care networks that connect GPs to a supportive network of other physicians and allied health providers, enabling them to better support patients with social issues. Below are a few examples of work that has already resulted in physician feedback on reduction of burnout.

Fraser Northwest Division of Family Practice

Clinical counselor initiative

Fraser Northwest’s primary care network enables doctors to refer patients with mild-to-moderate mental health and substance use challenges to timely care and support from local clinical counselors.[5] One family physician has commented that before the service was available she felt she didn’t have the supports and skills to help patients with mild-to-moderate mental health issues, so she gave what she could—her time. She found herself advocating for her patients, including completing their insurance and disability paperwork on evenings and weekends, and was soon experiencing symptoms of burnout. With the counseling referral system in place, the doctor feels that she isn’t left to help patients alone—a significant step in alleviating the feelings of burnout she was experiencing.[5]  

Nurse in practice initiative

Fraser Northwest’s primary care network has also placed several RNs in physician practices in the region, enabling physicians to better support vulnerable patients and connect them with resources and services in the community. One physician has described feeling burned out and overwhelmed trying to connect patients with local services and help them access the community support they need. His nurse in practice has helped significantly—in one case, a pregnant patient with bipolar disorder needed support and the nurse was able to spend significant time with her, ensuring she had access to resources and community services to support her through her pregnancy. This support put the physician’s mind at ease and allowed him to focus on providing pregnancy care for the patient.[6]

Rural and remote: Gabriola Island

Gabriola Community Health Centre patient medical home model

The patient medical home team-based care model at the Gabriola Community Health Centre enables clinic GPs to work closely with a mental health nurse, social worker, occupational therapist, long-term care case manager, and visiting psychiatrist. According to one clinic doctor, the team environment has reduced feelings of burnout for the clinic’s GPs—she praises the team for alleviating pressure on her role, and for helping her realize she doesn’t have to be the whole support system for her patients.[7]

As primary care network implementation work continues around the province, the GPSC looks forward to gathering more information about the impact teams can have on reducing physician burnout, and ensuring doctors are freed up to do the work that brought them to the medical profession in the first place—the work they love to do.

To learn more about patient medical homes, primary care networks, and team-based care, visit www.gpscbc.ca.
—Brenda Hefford, MD
Vice President, Physician Affairs and Community Practice, Doctors of BC


Doctors of BC is developing a policy paper to address the mounting and competing demands that contribute to physician burden. The first phase of member engagement to inform this project was conducted earlier this year. Key findings are summarized in the What We Heard report available for download at www.doctorsofbc.ca/sites/default/files/docsbc_what_we_heard_v2_1.pdf.

A second phase of member engagement to inform policy commitments and recommendations is underway now until 21 November 2019. Learn more on the Doctors of BC site (login required).

Release of the policy paper is anticipated in spring 2020.


 

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This article is the opinion of the GPSC and has not been peer reviewed by the BCMJ Editorial Board.


References

1.    CMA. Statement on physician health and wellness. Guiding principles. Accessed 13 September 2019. www.cma.ca/sites/default/files/2018-11/physician-health-wellness-statement-e.pdf.

2.    Institute for Healthcare Improvement. IHI Triple Aim initiative. Accessed 13 September 2019. www.ihi.org/Engage/Initiatives/TripleAim/Pages/default.aspx.

3.    Physician Health Program. Physician stress and burnout: Understanding, preventing, relieving. Accessed 4 October 2019. www.physicianhealth.com/sites/default/files/files/PhysicianStressandBurnoutPolicy.pdf.

4.    De Marchis E, Knox M, Hessler D, et al. Physician burnout and higher clinic capacity to address patients’ social needs. J Am Board Fam Med 2019;32:69-78.

5.    Divisions of Family Practice. News and notes. FNW clinical counselling initiative: Reducing physician burnout and improving access to care. Accessed 4 October 2019. https://divisionsbc.ca/provincial/news-and-events/news-and-notes/fnw-clinical-counselling-initiative-reducing-physician.

6.    Divisions of Family Practice. News and Notes. RNs in practice: Supporting vulnerable patients in Fraser Northwest. Accessed 4 October 2019. https://divisionsbc.ca/provincial/news-and-events/news-and-notes/rns-practice-supporting-vulnerable-patients-fraser.

7.    Divisions of Family Practice. News and notes. Team-based care: The best thing about practising on Gabriola Island. Accessed 16 September 2019. https://divisionsbc.ca/provincial/news-and-events/news-and-notes/team-based-care-best-thing-about-practising-gabriola.

Brenda Hefford, MD. Reducing physician burnout: Clinic support for patients’ social issues can help. BCMJ, Vol. 61, No. 9, November, 2019, Page(s) 352-353 - GPSC.



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