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Clinical Articles / BY: Rebecca Warburton, MD, FRCSC March 2018
... of survival in patients with early stage disease[ 2,11,12 ] and new studies suggest a potential survival advantage for BCS and ... for all patients with invasive breast cancer. Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has now been replaced by sentinel lymph node biopsy ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Christine E. Simmons, MD, MSc, FRCPC March 2018
... largely accepted as the standard of care in patients with node-positive or high-risk node-negative breast cancer.[ 3 ] Currently, ... surgery 3 to 4 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy.[ 12-14 ] Radiation was then offered to these patients based on initial clinical ...
Clinical Articles / BY: F. Michelle Sutter, MD, FRCSC March 2018
... is not necessary after mastectomy for DCIS. Invasive node-negative breast cancer   In general, adjuvant whole-breast radiation ... risk of pneumonitis, which can develop anywhere from 4 to 12 weeks after radiation. This condition presents with nonproductive cough, ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Connie G. Chiu, MD, FRCSC March 2018
... The estimated risk for patients undergoing axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is 20%, compared with 5% for sentinel lymph node biopsy ... of lymphedema in patients with a history of skin puncture,[ 12 ] although recall bias has since been raised as an issue, and subsequent ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Kenneth M. Madden, MD, MSc March 2017
... to 800 mL of blood pools in the lower limb vasculature.[ 12 ] Under normal conditions, a neuroautomomic tachycardic response follows ... stenosis in older adults) and arrhythmias (usually sinus node disease or heart blocks). Cardiac syncope has a significant associated ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Perminder Bains, MD, FRCPC January/February 2017
... found on the American College of Cardiology’s website.[ 12 ]  Table 2  summarizes the class I recommendations from the American ... implantation include bradycardia resulting from sinus node dysfunction and third-degree or advanced second-degree atrioventricular ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Kristy Cho, May 2014
... require nodal sampling with either a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary dissection. Occasionally, pathologic examination ... and cause of death on all incident breast cancers.[ 12 ] The BCOU prospectively collects additional information, such as tumor ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Rana S. A. Khan, MBBS, January/February 2013
... survival, recurrence of tumor, resection margin, or lymph node harvest for both total number and number of positive nodes. The overall ... Cancer Institute[ 8 ] has set a minimum standard of 12 nodes for resection, and the American College of Surgeons has suggested a ...
Clinical Articles / BY: J.E. Albrecht, MD January/February 2008
... purulent gingi­vitis and a 1-cm tender left axillary lymph node. Chest auscultation was limited by the patient’s agitated state. Heart ... 700 mg (10 mg/kg) every 8 hours for 5 days and 700 mg every 12 hours for an additional 14 days. Once the patient’s abnormal urine ...
Clinical Articles / BY: Nevio Cimolai, MD, FRCPC April 2006
... S. aureus among community infections in Saskatchewan. [12]  The latter report also presents evidence that a large proportion of the ... 2005. [img_assist|nid=1018|title=|desc=|link=node|align=left|width=546|height=640] Antibiotics listed under ...