Study: Life expectancy of people living with HIV in Canada reaches 65

Issue: BCMJ, vol. 57 , No. 8 , October 2015 , Pages 351 News

A new study from the Canadian Observational Cohort (CANOC) Collaboration, housed at the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE), has found the overall life expectancy of people living with HIV who have initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) to be 65 years of age. Findings from the study demonstrate a notable improvement since the early years of the HIV epidemic, but life expectancy for those with HIV remains below that of the general Canadian population.

In the study, decreased life expectancy was observed for women, participants with a history of injection drug use, individuals with Aboriginal ancestry, and those initiating ART in earlier time periods. The gender-based differences observed in this analysis reflect previous CANOC findings identifying poorer HIV-related treatment outcomes among women, compared with men.

This study also observed decreased life expectancy among participants initiating ART with CD4 counts lower than 350 cells/µl. This finding reinforces current BC-CfE treatment guidelines, which recommend that ART should be initiated for all people living with HIV regardless of CD4 count, to ensure the best long-term clinical response.

. Study: Life expectancy of people living with HIV in Canada reaches 65. BCMJ, Vol. 57, No. 8, October, 2015, Page(s) 351 - News.



Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.

BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • There is no period after the journal name.
  • Page numbers are not abbreviated.


For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org

BCMJ Guidelines for Authors

Leave a Reply