Dr Maheswaran raised the concern of clean-water insecurity for the Indigenous peoples of Canada (BCMJ 2018;60:195). The effects include infections, mental and physical stress, diabetes, and dental caries.
Mr Mosa and Ms Duffin outlined the history of mercury poisoning of the Grassy Narrows First Nation along the English–Wabigoon river system in Ontario compared to an industrial incident in Minamata, Japan. The poisoning in Ontario was due to mercury contamination from a pulp and paper mill some 50 years ago. The mercury levels downstream of the plant should have returned to normal by now; however, recent tests revealed much higher mercury levels downstream compared with upstream locations, from unknown sources. The mercury poisoning continues to affect the health, economy, and culture of this Indigenous community.
Federal and provincial governments should act urgently to ensure Indigenous peoples have access to clean, safe drinking water wherever they live in Canada.
—H.C. George Wong, MD, FRCPC
This letter was submitted in response to “Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink.”
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
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