In the April 2001 issue of the BC Medical Journal, five papers were published on Parkinson’s disease from the viewpoint of research studies directed to understanding the cause and mechanism of cell death. The topics included etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathology, and imaging. In this issue, the theme of Parkinson’s disease is continued, but the papers are more clinical. The topics include medical treatment, dyskinesias, surgical treatment, depression, anxiety, and phychosis in Parkinson’s disease, and finally, the interaction between Parkinson’s disease and general medical and surgical problems. Thus the emphasis of the previous issue was on research, and this issue is focused on more practical aspects of management. Taken together, the two series of articles may be seen as a "state of the art" summary of where we stand in our theoretic understanding and practical treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
—Donald B. Calne, OC, DM
Director, Neurodegenerative Disorders Centre
Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org