Guest editorial: Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, Part 1: Pathogenesis and nonsurgical management

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic di­sease affecting British Col­umbians. Family physicians manage patients with osteoarthritis on a daily basis using strategies that range from reassurance to surgical intervention. Large joint OA, as exemplified by hip and knee osteoarthritis, places a significant burden on society be­cause of the disability associated with it. Patients affected by OA of the hip and knee often require surgical intervention. 

With the increasing emphasis on joint replacement, it is important to consider the entire spectrum of disease and the journey of patients with OA of the hip or knee from diagnosis to nonoperative treatment and finally to surgical intervention. This first part in a two-part theme issue on OA of the hip and knee explores the patholgenetic mechanisms and several aspects of nonsurgical management.

In the first article here, Drs Hasan and Shuckett discuss the epidemiology of hip and knee OA and factors in its genesis. The figures that they in­clude about the burden of disease are indeed sobering. 

The authors discuss the risk factors for OA, allowing us as practitioners to potentially change patients’ behavior at a young age and lessen the likelihood of this disease with aging. They also discuss clinical presentation and radiographic findings, allowing an easier understanding of when to suspect OA in a patient and when to proceed to a radiographic review. 

The authors clearly delineate the indications for plain radiographs and MRI. With improved access to MRI, we often see patients presenting with OA with an MRI as the initial radiographic investigation. The take-home message is that an MRI should be reserved for use when X-rays do not indicate OA. 

Many modalities for nonoperative treatment for OA of the hip and knee exist. In the second article here, Drs Hawkeswood and Reebye discuss the evidence behind these modalities. This article serves not only as a guide for practitioners, but also as a summary for patients who are considering each of these modalities. 

The article demystifies these modalities and allows the physician and patient to understand the relative merits of each treatment, from footwear and weight loss to the use of canes. 

In the third article here, Drs Ken­nedy and Moran continue the discussion of nonoperative management, but this time from the pharmacological point of view. They discuss the role of oral medications as well as joint injections.
 
This sets the stage for their discussion of the indications for surgical intervention, and when to consider referral to an orthopaedic surgeon. 

By focusing on the earlier stages of OA and considering diagnosis and nonoperative management, all the articles in Part 1 of this theme issue pave the way for the articles in Part 2, which will discuss surgical modalities. 
—B.A. Masri, MD, FRCSC
Professor and Head, Department of Orthopaedics
University of British Columbia

Bassam A. Masri, MD, FRCSC. Guest editorial: Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, Part 1: Pathogenesis and nonsurgical management. BCMJ, Vol. 52, No. 8, October, 2010, Page(s) 392 - Editorials.



Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.

BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • There is no period after the journal name.
  • Page numbers are not abbreviated.


For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org

BCMJ Guidelines for Authors

Leave a Reply